The publication of an article in this journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the authors, the journal editors, the peer reviewers, the publisher, and the society.
This journal relies on the integrity and honesty of its editors to publish the best manuscript that conforms to ethical standards and meets all the requirements as per the mission of the journal for publication.
The journal implements a rigorous peer-review process while following strict ethical policies and standards to ensure that only high-quality scientific literature is contributed to and added to the field of scholarly publishing. The journal takes publishing ethics issues very seriously and is trained to proceed in such cases with a zero-tolerance policy.
The unethical act of copying known as plagiarism occurs when someone uses someone else’s ideas, processes, results, words, data, or theories as their own without giving appropriate credit. One of the biggest issues affecting scientific communication in journal publications is plagiarism. Self-plagiarism is the act of an author using a significant portion of their own previously published writing without providing the necessary citations. Plagiarism occurs when the same manuscript, with only minor changes to previously published manuscripts and little new information, is published in numerous journals. We have plagiarism check software (iThenticate) available on our Editors and Reviewer’s panel in the manuscript management system. We encourage our editors and reviewers to use the plagiarism check. The manuscript found to have plagiarism is rejected.
Examples of Plagiarism:
Human rights, privacy, and confidentiality
For manuscripts reporting research involving human participants, including but not limited to medical research, journal editors ask authors about patient consent, ethical approval, and confidentiality. However, clinical research must be conducted in accordance with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (www.icmje.org) regarding patient consent for human participation in clinical research or research.
Registering clinical trials
The journal asks authors for clinical trial registration numbers. This number should be included in all articles reporting results.
Animal research should be conducted with the same rigor as human research. Therefore, Journal encourages authors to implement her 3Rs.
“The 3Rs are a widely accepted ethical framework for the humane conduct of scientific experiments with animals.
Substitution-use of non-animal methods; reduction-methods of reducing the number of animals used. Refinement - a way to improve animal welfare. "
The International Council for Laboratory Animal Science publishes ethical guidelines for editors and reviewers. European Open Science journals encourage authors to adhere to animal research reporting standards. The Animal Research Reporting Standards provide details that journals should require from authors regarding:
Journals should ask authors to confirm that ethical and legal approval has been obtained prior to the start of the study and to provide the name of the institution that gave the approval. Authors should also indicate whether experiments were performed in accordance with relevant institutional and national guidelines and regulations.